Last week I shared the process of making the bodice and sleeves for my striped edwardian dress. Today I’m writing about making the skirt, the hat, and the adding the finishing touches.
Let’s start with the skirt. This took me a while to “draft” because it’s so narrow – I’m used to making skirts that fit over petticoats or hoops, and without those as a base I felt a bit lost!
So I began by cutting a rectangle of material, then cutting it in half. Which left me with two 22″ x 45″ish pieces. I pinned one of the pieces onto the front of the dress form and played around with the amount of volume I wanted it to have.
Then I removed the panel from the dress form, trimmed the top edge, and gathered it properly. This was repeated on the other panel as well.
I cut out another rectangle, and while the fabric was folded in half I cut across it diagonally. This left me with three gored panels. I made sure all the diagonal cut edges were sewn to straight edges (to prevent warping), with the wider ends at the hem so it would have the most volume.
I didn’t photograph this process because my floor was really dirty, but you’ll see the skirt laid flat in a minute and hopefully it will make sense then!
Here is the top edge.
I pleated this edge so it would line up with the pleat at the back of the bodice.
Then gathered it down, so the whole thing was the same width as the bodice waistline.
Speaking of the bodice, here it is which the fit updates mentioned in the last post. The pleats were tacked down, and the waistband was sewn on by hand with running stitches.
I also decided to add ruffles to the hem of the sleeves, since they were an awkward length. The ruffles are 25″ x 4″ strips that were folded in half to create a finished edge, then I gathered the tops by hand and whip stitched them on.
I matched the seams in the skirt with the seams in the bodice, then sewed it onto the waistband.
The front edges were folded inward twice to hide the raw edges. This was sewn down by hand, with more whip stitches.
I put it back on my dress form and used pins to mark where I thought the hem should go. Then I tried it on and adjusted the hem more – I’m so, so glad I tried it on during this stage, since it was an inch shorter than I wanted!
I marked my desired hemline with pencil, then measured three inches away from that and marked another line. This left me plenty of room for a pretty hem.
I folded the dress in half and pinned all the seams together, then laid it flat. I did this because the hemline was only marked on one side and I wanted it to be symmetrical.
This is before trimming…
I transferred all my markings onto the other side of the skirt.
Then turned the raw edge inward by an inch, and inward once again at the line I drew. This left me with a 2″ deep hem.
It was sewn with whip stitches as well.
Now it was time for buttons. I spent a long time searching for suitable buttons on etsy but couldn’t find anything in my price range in the size I wanted.
So I decided to use coverable buttons. I was trying to decide between making them maroon or white when I realized another fabric I purchased in the garment district matched the stripes perfectly. I ended up using it and I really love how they look.
Before sewing them on I tried the dress on again, and marked where the snaps/hooks/bars should be. I sewed these on first, then used the buttons to cover the threads used to securing the closures to the fabric.
I also lined the waistband – here you can see some of the hooks, along with pencil markings for snaps.
In total there are seven hooks and six snaps. Hooks are placed where more support is needed – like at the collar and waistline. Snaps were used for the rest.
There are three snaps and one hook further down which keeps the skirt together – I used three more buttons to cover that stitching as well.
Here is the finished bodice. I’m really happy with how the closures for this turned out, front closures can be hit or miss but everything lines up nicely and it’s really easy to get into!
Now onto the hat! I based this on fashion plates in the catalogues I looked through when visiting McCalls. There were a lot of hats that were covered in flowers to the point where you could barely see the crown. I usually put flowers on hats, but this inspired me to go all out.
First came the paper pattern – I made a few of these before I got the “perfect” size. My original pattern is laid on top of the one I ended up using.
It was cut out of felt weight interfacing.
Then wire was sewn into the pieces.
I covered all the panels with white cotton sateen, and lined them with the striped material. For the brim I gathered the striped fabric at two points to create ruched lining, which I didn’t realize would need to be secured at the gathering point in the middle to sit properly – which left with these ugly dents in the material.
My solution to this was covering it with bias tape. Which just so happened to match the bias tape I made to bind the brim of the hat.
Here is the bias tape sewn on. In the photo above you might be able to see pencil dots, which were used as a guide when sewing it in place.
I also sewed together the crown of the hat, then sewed it to the brim.
At this point I liked the lining better than the front!
But after piling it with flowers the outer layer of the hat grew on me a lot! I wish I had only used pink flowers, and not brought in the small yellow ones. But I still really like it. I used an entire bunch of fake roses, a few sprigs of fake paisleys, fake ivy, and fake ferns. Along with a sash of silk and an ostrich feather.
I think there may be room left for a few more roses, but I haven’t decided how high I want them to go up the sides of the hat. For now I’m calling it finished.
And that’s it for this project! I’m hoping we’ll have some nice weather soon and I can photograph it against a backdrop of spring flowers. I think it would suit that environment nicely.
Overall I’m really happy with this dress. I think the silhouette turned out very nicely – slim but still obviously historical (that’s more prominent when it’s worn by a person, not a dress form). I like how easy it is to get on, and how comfortable it is to wear. I also have a ton of mobility in it – I can raise my arms all the way above my head without any snaps popping or seams ripping! So if I get attacked by bees when photographing it in front of flowers I’ll have a chance to swat them away.
(or if I ever get invited to a historical event at a theme park I’ll know which dress to bring)
Another cool thing: This dress has maybe $35 of material in it. And that’s including the hat. But I’m really tempted to buy a pair of white shoes to go with it, which would nearly double that total.
And that’s it! Thanks for reading, I should have a fabric haul with the other materials I picked up on my recent shopping trip up soon!
7 thoughts on “Making a Striped Cotton Dress, Early 20th Century, Continued”
Another great project. Beautiful. I love the hat. The first pictures of it made me think it looked like a wedding cake. Looking forward to seeing a picture of you in the dress and hat.
Oh wow, that’s really beautiful! *__* The ruffles in the hat are so sweet and the flowers and the stripes of the dress and everything ❤
You amaze me with your talent. The dress is so pretty. Thank you for sharing your process in making it.
Oh, how lovely! I love this fashion era, so it’s nice to see someone make something from it. Good job!
An absolutely charming piece, Angela! So Summer-y and that hat kicks butt! LOL! Good on you, mate!
This dress reminded me how much I miss Downton Abbey on tv!
How much fabric did you use, assuming it is 45″ wide (or as near as). Love the dress and it’s very similar to a pattern I already have but I prefer the back of yours to the one in my pattern. I want a fuller back with a slight (very slight) train to it and this would be ideal. My pattern also fastens on the other side and has a different neck but as I’m not going for Edwardian that doesn’t bother me. Yours looks fabulous though, and the fabric is so close to the one I am making my dress out of it’s uncanny. However I have flowers between the stripes, this pattern skirt back would still look great though. Thank you for the idea that should solve my dress pattern problem, won’t look as great as yours does – mine is more regency if anything – but the gores will solve a multitude of problems that so far remain a problem. Good luck and keep up with the sewing, your designs are greatly enjoyed.